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Preference of subpicosecond laser pulses for terahertz wave generation from liquids

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Abstract

Terahertz (THz) wave generation from laser-induced air plasma generally requires a short temporal laser pulse. In contrast, it was observed that THz radiation from ionized liquid water prefers a longer pulse, wherein the mechanism remains unclear. We attribute the preference for longer pulse duration to the process of ionization and plasma formation in water, which is supported by a numerical simulation result showing that the highest electron density is achieved with a subpicosecond pulse. The explanation is further verified by the coincidence of our experimental result and simulation when the thickness of the water is varied. Other liquids are also tested to assure the preference for such a pulse is not exclusive to water.

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DOI:10.1117/1.AP.2.1.015001

所属栏目:Letters

基金项目:National Science Foundationhttps://doi.org/10.13039/100000001; Army Research Officehttps://doi.org/10.13039/100000183; Air Force Office of Scientific Researchhttps://doi.org/10.13039/100000181;

收稿日期:2019-12-03

修改稿日期:2020-02-10

网络出版日期:2020-02-28

作者单位    点击查看

Qi Jin:University of Rochester, The Institute of Optics, Rochester, New York, United States
Yiwen E:University of Rochester, The Institute of Optics, Rochester, New York, United States
Shenghan Gao:University of Rochester, The Institute of Optics, Rochester, New York, United States
Xi-Cheng Zhang:University of Rochester, The Institute of Optics, Rochester, New York, United States

联系人作者:Xi-Cheng Zhang(xi-cheng.zhang@rochester.edu)

备注:National Science Foundationhttps://doi.org/10.13039/100000001; Army Research Officehttps://doi.org/10.13039/100000183; Air Force Office of Scientific Researchhttps://doi.org/10.13039/100000181;

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引用该论文

Qi Jin,Yiwen E,Shenghan Gao,Xi-Cheng Zhang. Preference of subpicosecond laser pulses for terahertz wave generation from liquids[J]. Advanced Photonics, 2020, 2(1): 015001

Qi Jin,Yiwen E,Shenghan Gao,Xi-Cheng Zhang. Preference of subpicosecond laser pulses for terahertz wave generation from liquids[J]. Advanced Photonics, 2020, 2(1): 015001

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